- This Thursday, Tropical Storm Sam formed in the Atlantic.
- Meteorology experts estimate that Tropical Storm Sam will become a hurricane.
- Tropical Storm Sam is expected to be a powerful hurricane this weekend.
Tropical Storm Sam formed this Thursday’s morning, September 23 in the Atlantic and meteorological experts expect it to become a powerful hurricane in just a few days, according to several news agencies.
Quoting the National Hurricane Center (NHC) of the United States, the news agency AP reported that the storm’s maximum sustained winds were approaching 85 kilometers per hour (50 mph) on Thursday and are expected to strengthen. Forecasters predict now that Tropical Storm Sam will become a hurricane by the weekend.
Tropical Storm Sam forms
According to the AP report, Tropical Storm Sam was centered 2,805 kilometers (1,745 miles) east-southeast of the Leeward Islands and was moving west at about 26 km / h (16 mph). The aforementioned news agency noted that Sam is the 18th named storm this hurricane season, which has been active.
The Efe news agency also quoted the NHC as noting that the 18th tropical depression in the Atlantic strengthened this Thursday over open water and became Storm Sam, which could become a major hurricane next week.
Tropical storm Sam could become a major hurricane
Towards the weekend, while it is located in the center of the Atlantic basin, it could be a major hurricane, that is, category 3, 4 or 5 on the Saffir Simpson scale, according to the projections of the meteorological center, based in Miami ( Florida), quoted by Efe this Thursday.
Like AP, the Efe agency mentioned that San is located about 2,805 kilometers east-southeast of the Leeward Islands (in the Caribbean), but it does not currently pose a threat to coastal areas nor have any alerts or warnings been issued. because of this cyclone.
There are six hurricanes and the next is expected to emerge from Tropical Storm Sam
For its part, what was tropical storm Rose, which weakened in the last 24 hours, became a low pressure remnant in the mid-Atlantic on Thursday, about 2,095 kilometers (1,300 miles) west-northwest of the islands of Cape Verde, Efe said.
So far this year there have been six hurricanes in the Atlantic basin, Elsa, Grace, Henri, Ida, Larry and Nicholas, of which Grace, Ida and Larry reached the highest category (3 or more on the Saffir-scale scale). Simpson, who measures the strength of the winds), recalled the aforementioned news agency. The last of them, Nicholas, made landfall in the eastern Matagorda Peninsula in Texas, but it quickly weakened to a tropical storm, although it previously dumped heavy rains in that state, Louisiana and other parts of the southern United States. (This report was published with verbatim information from AP and EFE).
Island of Spain faces risks after volcanic eruption and warns how long it could last
On the other hand, a small Spanish island in the Atlantic Ocean called La Palma has been dealing with a volcanic eruption for days that forced the eviction of thousands of people, and the authorities warn that more dangers from the explosion lie ahead.
The eruption occurred on Sunday afternoon on La Palma, one of the eight volcanic islands that make up the Canary Islands archipelago, which stretches off the northwestern coast of Africa. It was the second recorded eruption in 50 years on the island of 85,000 people.
More dangers warn after volcano eruption on La Palma
Before it happened, an earthquake of magnitude 4.2 was registered. Huge plumes of black and white smoke billowed from the Cumbre Vieja volcanic mountain range after a week of thousands of small earthquakes, The Associated Press reported.
Unstoppable rivers of molten lava, some as high as six meters (20 feet), now run downhill into the ocean engulfing everything in their path. According to satellite monitoring by the Copernicus program, the lava has devastated more than 320 buildings, reported The country.
More than 20 thousand earthquakes in La Palma
The Canary Islands is a very popular volcanic area among European tourists for its warm climate throughout the year. El Teide, on the nearby island of Tenerife, is one of the highest volcanoes in the world and the highest peak in Spain. On La Palma, the population lives mainly from agriculture.
Scientists had been closely monitoring the accumulation of underground magma on La Palma for the previous week and detected more than 20,000 earthquakes – most too small to feel. This is what is known as a “seismic swarm” and may indicate an imminent eruption.
No victims have been reported
Three days before it happened, the Canary Islands Volcanological Institute (INVOLCAN) reported that 11 million cubic meters (338 million cubic feet) of molten rock were pushed towards Cumbre Vieja, according to the aforementioned media outlet.
Following the 4.2 magnitude earthquake, two fissures began spewing bright red magma into the air. The lava ran in rivers down the slopes. Close scientific monitoring meant that authorities were able to quickly evacuate the population when the volcano erupted and no casualties were reported.
More dangers in the coming days
But the damage to property, infrastructure and crops is considerable. At the moment, 6,000 people were forced to leave their homes. The molten rock has also buried banana plantations, vineyards, and avocado and papaya crops. Some irrigation systems have been lost and there are contaminated underground aquifers and blocked roads.
Rivers of lava are now heading to the island’s most populated coastline and into the Atlantic Ocean, where they could cause new problems. According to authorities, residents are facing a number of problems in the coming days and weeks.
Big explosions could occur
When lava reaches the Atlantic it could cause explosions and clouds of toxic gas. The scientists tasked with monitoring it say it has a temperature of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius (more than 1,800 degrees Fahrenheit). In the last eruption, in 1971, a person died due to inhaling the gases emitted by the lava when it touched the water.
The quakes have continued, unsettling residents. On Monday night a new fissure opened after which the INVOLCAN detected an earthquake of magnitude 3.8, and began to throw more lava. Scientists say new fissures and cracks may appear in the land that could endanger other areas.
Volcano on La Palma could generate acid rain
La Palma volcano eruption could generate acid rain The volcano has been producing between 8,000 and 10,500 tonnes of sulfur dioxide per day, INVOLCAN noted. Sulfur dioxide has a bad odor and irritates the skin, eyes, nose, and throat. In addition, it can generate acid rain and pollute the air.
The eruption has also caused volcanic ash, which can lead to respiratory problems. La Palma authorities told residents in large areas where the ashes fell to stay at home with the windows and doors closed. For more details visit this note.
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