The US will declare the reestablishment of sanctions against Iran

U.S. to declare reinstatement of all international sanctions against Iran on Saturday Few countries believe that the measure is legal and...

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Foto: AP / Video: MH
  • U.S. to declare reinstatement of all international sanctions against Iran on Saturday
  • Few countries believe that the measure is legal and such action could provoke a credibility crisis in the United Nations
  • Members of the UN Security Council, including US allies, disagree with the action

Defying overwhelming opposition from other countries, the United States is preparing to declare that all international sanctions against Iran have been restored, according to The Associated Press.

Few countries believe that the measure is legal and such action could provoke a credibility crisis at the United Nations.

Virtually alone in the world, the Donald Trump administration will announce on Saturday that UN sanctions on Iran – eased under the 2015 nuclear deal – are back, but other members of the UN Security Council, including allies from the United States, do not agree: they have promised to ignore the decision.

Iran sanctions could be reinstated by the US on Saturday

Photo: Twitter.

That sets the stage for ugly diplomatic confrontations as the world body prepares to celebrate its 75th anniversary at a General Assembly session next week with coronavirus restrictions.

The question is how the Trump administration will respond to being ignored.

It has already imposed sweeping sanctions on Iran, but could punish countries that fail to enforce UN sanctions.

A total rejection of Washington’s position could further alienate his government, which has already withdrawn from multiple United Nations agencies, organizations and treaties, from the international community.

Amid a heated campaign for re-election, Trump plans to address the Iran issue in a speech to the General Assembly on Tuesday.

As he seeks to prove statesman credentials before the election, Trump has injected uncertainty by threatening to retaliate “1,000 times” harsher against Iran if it attacks US personnel abroad.

Your warning in Twitter It came earlier this week in response to a report that Iran is plotting to assassinate the US ambassador to South Africa in retaliation for the US assassination of a senior Iranian general earlier in the year.

Iran sanctions could be reinstated by the US on Saturday

Photo: Twitter.

Neither Trump nor any other senior US official has confirmed that such a plot exists, although they have said Iran has a long history of political assassinations.

Amid uncertainty on the issue, the other 14 members of the Security Council and 190 of the 195 UN member states say the United States lost its legal capacity to act on sanctions when Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal more than two years.

The United States argues that it reserves the right to enact the return of sanctions because the Council resolution that approved the agreement refers to it as a participant.

“These will be valid actions by the UN Security Council and the United States will do what it always does, will do its part as part of its responsibilities to enable peace,” Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Wednesday.

“We will do whatever is necessary to ensure that those sanctions are met,” he said.

Pompeo traveled to the United Nations on August 20 to formally notify the Security Council that the United States was activating a pushback because Iran is not complying with the nuclear deal.

He rejected suggestions that the administration was involved in something legally questionable or even controversial.

He said the rollback mechanism was “the only thing the previous administration got right” in the nuclear deal that Trump has denounced as the worst deal ever negotiated.

The deal was a signature foreign policy achievement of President Barack Obama and gave Iran billions of dollars in sanctions relief in exchange for curbing its nuclear program.

Yet apart from Israel and the Arab Gulf states, hardly any country in the world agrees with the US.

Russia and China, along with American allies Britain, France and Germany, who often disagree but remain parties to the 2015 deal, are united in declaring the US action “illegal.”

However, the US special envoy for Iran, Elliott Abrams, told reporters Wednesday that all UN sanctions would be reapplied at 8 p.m. EDT on Saturday.

“We hope that all UN member states implement their responsibilities as member states and respect their obligations to respect these sanctions,” Abrams told reporters.

“If other nations don’t follow it,” he said, “I think they should be asked … if they don’t believe they are weakening the UN sanctions structure.”

UN diplomats said the three European countries that remain in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, which are currently members of the Security Council, will likely respond by issuing a statement reiterating their position that the United States cannot unleash a rollback.

Trump administration officials have been attacking the 2015 nuclear deal for years.

They say it has fatal flaws because certain restrictions on Iran’s nuclear activity are gradually expiring and will allow the country to eventually develop atomic weapons.

The UN sanctions that the United States is trying to reimpose include a ban on uranium enrichment and all missile activity, and the indefinite extension of an arms embargo that would otherwise expire on October 18.

The Security Council rejected a US effort to extend the embargo in an unequal vote that won the support of only one country, the Dominican Republic.

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