- The 10 keys of the projects approved by the Chamber to give citizenship to immigrants
- Projects were approved but still face tough ‘roadblocks’
- Millions of undocumented immigrants would benefit from these laws
The 10 keys to projects approved by the House to give citizenship to immigrants. Millions of migrants see today closer to the end of the tunnel of their status as undocumented after the approval in the House of Representatives of two bills.
The American Promise and Dream Act 2021 (HR 6) and the Agricultural Workforce Modernization Act (HR 1603) that make way for citizens, could break a long cycle of disappointment and rejection by legislators, indicates Eph.
Strong ‘obstacles’ to citizenship laws for immigrants
These laws to give citizenship to immigrants again represent hope for “dreamers”, agricultural workers and those protected by Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and DED (Deffered Enforced Departure) or “Deferred Mandatory Departure.”
These two immigration laws approved by the House of Representatives now face “significant obstacles” and an uncertain future in the Senate, where Democrats do not have the necessary majority, experts in the field indicated for Efe.
20 years of waiting
This is not the first time that the “dreamers,” as the undocumented who came to the country as children are known, have pinned their hopes on legislators. The first version of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM) was introduced in 2001.
This bill is precisely blamed for the fact that this group of undocumented immigrants is called “dreamers” (dreamers in English). During the last 20 years, at least 11 versions in favor of the “dreamers” have been presented in Congress, and although there are key differences, all would have legalized the young people who came to this country as children, reveals Efe.
Democrats ‘allies’ or ‘enemies’?
Despite bipartisan support for each version of the bill, none have become law. The 2010 bill came closest to being fully approved when it passed the House, but fell just five votes short of the 60 needed in the Senate.
At least five Democratic senators, who were allegedly part of Barack Obama’s political team, voted against when this bill was presented in the administration of the United States’ first African-American president.
New version comes after Biden’s Immigration Reform ‘pause’
These projects are “pieces” of the great immigration reform that the White House is promoting in Congress that provides for the regularization of 11 million immigrants without papers but lacks the necessary support from the opposition, indicates Efe.
The American Dream and Promise Act of 2021 project is a renewed version of a proposal already approved by the House of Representatives in June 2019, but which was not considered for discussion in the Senate, which was Republican at the time.
Keys to Citizenship of Immigrant Farm Workers
For 20 years thousands of undocumented farmers working in the United States have been deluded with legalization bills known as “AgJOBS”, which were presented in both Houses, but none were successful despite strong bipartisan support.
The George W. Bush administration proposed a new guest worker program, called H-2A, as it prepared to leave office. The program succeeded in establishing many of the changes sought by agricultural employers in the AgJOBS projects, but leaving out one of the keys, which was the legalization of undocumented immigrants who had worked in the fields for decades.
‘Blue’ card for immigrant farm workers?
In recent years, Democratic Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) has repeatedly presented a bill to legalize farmworkers. In 2019, the Democrat introduced the 2019 Farmworker Program Bill, which sought to introduce another key: A new “Blue Card” immigration status for undocumented farm workers.
This new “Blue Card”, another key to immigrant citizenship, was intended to give farmworkers protection against deportation and a path to legal permanent resident status within three to five years. According to estimates by Migration Policy Institute (MPI), the project opens the door to about 4.5 million undocumented people.
Will it be approved?
“This legislation has significant obstacles in the Senate because Republican votes are needed to pass them,” Doris Meissner, of the Institute for Immigration Policy and who was director of the Immigration and Naturalization Service between 1993 and 2000, told Efe.
The legislation seeks to regularize about four million undocumented, mostly young people known as “dreamers” beneficiaries of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, DACA and agricultural workers.
They celebrate approval but the pressure begins
The American Dream and Promise Act received 228 votes in the House of Representatives, including nine Republicans, and 197 against, while the Farm Workforce Modernization Act received 247 votes in favor, including 30 Republicans, and 174 against.
The passage in the House of Representatives drew celebrations from those who defend immigrants, including the Conference of Catholic Bishops, and these groups are now pressuring the Democrats, who have 50 senators, to resort to a legislative maneuver that would allow the law to pass without the majority of 60 votes in the Senate.
Will Biden keep his promise?
President Joe Biden has promised a “just and humane” immigration policy and has proposed immigration reform for the citizenship of some 11 million undocumented immigrants, but his administration seeks the cooperation of Republicans.
Senator Bob Menendez, a Democrat from New Jersey and charged with leading the effort in the Senate, indicated that he is not ready to push the legislation before there are negotiations with Republicans to achieve a bipartisan majority.
Immigration reform amid ‘crisis’ at the border
Biden’s intentions to give citizenship to dreamers and farm workers coincide with an increase in the arrival of tens of thousands of unaccompanied minors and migrant families to the southern border, which has served as a pretext for much of the Republican opposition to reject the projects.
“There are Republicans who support the Dreamers,” said Doris Meissner of the Institute for Immigration Policy. This, in reference to more than 700,000 immigrants brought to the country when they were minors and protected since 2012 by a temporary postponement of their deportations. “That law has the best chance of success,” he said.
‘Migration crisis’ could prevent the approval of key laws to grant citizenship to immigrants
“However, it is not likely that any of these laws will be considered (in the Senate) until the arrival of large numbers of Central Americans to the border is reduced, and legislators and public opinion see that the Biden government is capable of re-establish control at the border, ”said Doris Meissner.
After the House of Representatives passed the law that would benefit farmworkers, Democratic Senator Michael Bennet of Colorado and Republican Senator Mike Crapo of Idaho announced that they will introduce a similar bill in the Upper House, indicating some degree of Republican support for this legislation, according to Efe.
The post The 10 keys of the projects approved by the Chamber to give citizenship to immigrants appeared first on Hispanic World.