The Dream Act is sent to Senate on the anniversary of DACA with an uncertain future

After a while, the Dream Act is sent to Senate to help hundreds of immigrants and “dreamers” get their citizenship status. A ...

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  • After a while, the Dream Act is sent to Senate to help hundreds of immigrants and “dreamers” get their citizenship status.
  • A large number of migrant children will return to the arms of their families after they were separated by the previous government.
  • Deportations decreased by a striking percentage during the Trump era.

Miami, Jun 14 (EFE News).- The Senate Judiciary Committee will analyze this Tuesday the American Dream and Promise Act 2021 (HR6), which would provide a path to citizenship for millions of immigrants, including the “dreamers”. The date of the hearing coincides with the ninth anniversary of the announcement of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), a program by which then-President Barack Obama (2009-2017) protected hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who came to the country as children from deportation.

According to the committee, the hearing “will highlight the need for the Senate to adopt the legislation passed by the House (of Representatives),” where the bill was approved last March with bipartisan support. Among the people who will appear are León Rodríguez, who was director of the Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) during the Obama presidency, and the “dreamer” Manuel Bernal, who works in the emergency room of a Chicago hospital.

Dream act: A citizenship opportunity

Dream act
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So will Joseph Edlow, deputy director of USCIS with Donald Trump in the White House (2017-2021), and Michelle Root, mother of Sarah Rae-Ann Root, a 21-year-old girl who was fatally run over in Nebraska by an undocumented Honduran. The fifth person who plans to appear is nurse Rony Ponthieux from Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, protected by Temporary Protected Status (TPS) and therefore could also aspire to United States citizenship if HR6 is approved in the Senate.

The HR6 bill could open a path to citizenship to about 4.5 million “dreamers”, “Tepesians” and protected by the so-called DED (Deffered Enforced Departure) or “Deferred Obligatory Departure”, according to Migration Policy estimates. Institute (MPI). The Upper House Judiciary Committee is chaired by Illinois Democratic Senator Dick Durbin, who has unsuccessfully sponsored measures similar to the American Dream and Promise Act of 2021 for the past 20 years.

Dream act: Congress and citizens

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Durbin told Efe last week that the country “is ready” for Congress to approve HR6 and that it already has “five or six” of the ten Republican votes it needs to pass the bill. This committee includes at least two of the Republicans that Illinois could count on: Texan John Cornyn and South Carolina Lindsey Graham, who presented with Durbin last February and on the sidelines of HR6 a new version of the Dream Act for the one that the two have been fighting for years and that would give citizenship to the “dreamers.” In the Senate there is a tie between Democrats and Republicans, with 50 seats each of the two parties, but HR6 needs the support of at least 10 conservatives, something difficult to achieve despite the fact that the polls show a majority support to give the citizenship to “dreamers” and “tepesianos”.

In addition to HR6, the bill for the Modernization of the Agricultural Workforce (HR 1603) is waiting in the Senate, also approved in March in the Lower House and that would give permanent residence and work permits for hundreds of thousands of workers employed in the farming. Biden’s star project on immigration matters also awaits, a comprehensive reform that would give a path to citizenship to some 11 million undocumented immigrants, although this broader option lacks the sympathy received by the “dreamers”, “Tepesianos” and peasants who they have proven “essential” during the covid-19 pandemic, and he has a bleaker future in the Senate. EFE News

More than 3,900 migrant children separated from their families by the Trump government

Migrant children are estranged from their family
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Washington, Jun 8 (EFE News) .- More than 3,900 migrant children were separated from their families between July 2017 and January 2021 by the immigration policy of then-president Donald Trump, the established Family Reunification Task Force reported on Tuesday. by his successor, Joe Biden. “The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is committed to the task of reuniting families cruelly separated by the previous government,” said the head of said department in a statement. Alejandro Mayorkas.

The report Indian that in that period there were 5,636 separations of families and their children, but that only 3,913 can be classified within the definitions of that working group created by the Biden Administration. Nearly 400 minors have been sent back to their countries of origin, and another 1,723 cases are under review, according to DHS.

Family meetings

Migrant families will see each other again
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“When we reunited the first seven families last month, I said that was just the beginning,” Mayorkas added. “In the coming weeks, we will reunify another 29 families. In close collaboration with non-governmental organizations, legal groups and other agencies, the Task Force will continue this work ”. The statement indicated that reunifications will continue and almost 50 procedures have been initiated with the Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS), which has already reviewed and approved 37 cases for the granting of a temporary visa for humanitarian reasons.

This means that the parents of the minors who were separated will be able to enter the United States and will be allowed to stay for an initial period of 36 months with the opportunity to request authorization to work. The executive director of the Task Force, Michelle Brané, said that the Government will provide these families “with support and services to rebuild their lives.”

Since Trump is gone, more undocumented have arrived in the country

Migrants do not stop arriving
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In the last 30 days, the statement said, 7 minors met with their parents, bringing the total number of children who have been reunited with their families to 1,786. There are 2,127 other children for whom the Task Force “does not have a corroborated record of reunification,” the statement added. These figures are known when the vice president, Kamala Harris, is on a tour of Guatemala and Mexico, where she traveled to analyze emigration to the United States, where for a year the arrival of undocumented migrants and asylum seekers has not stopped increasing. especially since Biden came to power.

This situation, with more than 178,000 immigrants arriving at the border with Mexico last April, has put the Biden Government in trouble, which has been overwhelmed to serve thousands of minors unaccompanied by one of their parents or legal guardian and families with young children, in an immigration policy that tries to distance itself from that of Trump. EFE News

Trump policies caused 90% of the drop in ICE deportations

ICE New York prosecutors convene grand jury for Trump investigation
President Donald Trump speaks in the Rose Garden of the White House, Friday, Nov. 13, 2020, in Washington. (AP Photo / Evan Vucci)

New York, May 27 (EFE News) .- Deportations under the new administration of the president Joe biden have been reduced by 10% but the downward trend in monthly removals made by the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Service (ICE) had already begun as a result of the immigration policies of the Donald Trump Government (2017-2021), of according to data from the Cato Institute released this Thursday.

The number of deportations by ICE fell to 2,962 last April from 28,118 in October 2019. Trump’s changes to compliance policies laws Immigration accounts explain 90% of the decline during that time and the actions taken by the new president can explain 10%. The Cato Institute explains that a large number of ICE deportations are arrests made by the Border Patrol.

ICE arrests

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It stands out that in fiscal year 2020 (from October 2019 to September 2020), 66% of all removals were immigrants detained by the Border Patrol and turned over to ICE for that process. The remainder were arrests made by ICE. However, he recalled that as a result of the health crisis caused by covid-19, the Trump Administration launched in March 2020 the Title 42 rule, which allows the rapid expulsion to Mexico of migrants, even if they are not Mexicans, who arrive at the border in search of refuge.

This meant that the Border Patrol was sending fewer people to ICE for deportation, so the number of removals by this agency was significantly reduced. That is why by April 2020, after a month of validity of Title 42, deportations fell to 9,992 from the 19,249 registered in March, a reduction of 48%.

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Administrative arrests made by agents from ICE’s Detention and Deportation (ERO) unit also collapsed for the same reason, dropping from 10,431 in March 2020 to 5,793 in April, a 45% reduction, according to Cato data. They also indicate that there was a great decline that was from 28,118 in October 2019, prior to covid-19, to 5,583 in January of this year and that the decline continued to reach 2,962 in April.

The institution concludes that in his first three full months in the White House, Biden recorded a 60% drop in deportations compared to Trump’s last three months in office. The Cato Institute is a public policy research organization that conducts independent studies based on the principles of individual freedom, limited government, and free markets. EFE News

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