- A court halts Florida’s suspension of anti-coronavirus measures on cruise ships.
- Coronavirus Cases Rise in Florida Again.
- Florida celebrates its 200th anniversary as part of the United States.
Miami, Jul 18 (EFE News).- An appeals court blocked at midnight on Saturday an order that was to come into force this Sunday and that eliminated the measures of the US health authorities that seek to prevent contagion of COVID-19 on cruise ships departing from Florida, the world capital of this sector.
The temporary suspension of restrictions as a result of the coronavirus pandemic for cruises departing from Florida will keep the regulations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in force (CDC) while the federal government’s claim to the decision of a lower court is being elucidated. Lawyers for the United States Department of Justice appealed the decision of a judge who in June issued an opinion against the health requirements imposed by the CDC to prevent a further spread of covid-19.
On June 18, federal judge Steven Merryday pointed out that the “conditional navigation” order issued by the CDC, in October of last year, was no longer about a “health threat” or less at the level of when the pandemic began. , taking into account vaccination rates, case numbers and the effectiveness of prevention measures.
In its decision, Merryday, with a court in Tampa (Florida), even alluded to the “successful and safe reopening” of businesses such as airlines, sporting events and others held in high-capacity venues. However, the Department of Justice alleged the existence of “indisputable evidence” showing that “unregulated” cruise operations would exacerbate the spread of COVID-19 and assured that CDC regulations “do not shut down the cruise industry.” , but rather provides a sensitive and flexible framework for reopening ”.
The appeal is the result of a lawsuit filed in April by the governor of Florida, Republican Ron DeSantis, and the attorney general of this state, Ashley Moody, who indicated that the CDC’s requirements to navigate “exceeded” the authority of this agency. federal. DeSantis has been very critical of the agency, which he has pointed out as hindering the resumption of cruise operations, a sector that has been paralyzed for more than a year and has an important weight in the Florida economy.
The appeals court’s ruling came on the same day that the Disney Cruise Lines company began a test route under CDC regulations on Saturday with the departure of the Disney Dream ship from Port Canaveral, Florida. Disney’s first trial trip will last two days and the ticket was made up entirely of company personnel who volunteered. Two other of the major players in the sector, Royal Caribbean and Carnivel, plan to make test trips at the end of this month. The ruling also comes when new cases of covid-19 and hospitalizations in Florida have soared again and when the White House warns that the state accounted for about 20% of all infections in the country last week . EFE News
Florida celebrates 200 years of being an American in St. Augustine
Miami, Jul 10 (EFE News) .- Florida celebrated its 200th anniversary this Saturday as part of the United States, an anniversary that was commemorated in the city of San Agustín with the presence of Spanish and American authorities and a historical representation by more than 120 people dressed in vintage. The town The oldest existing today in the country, founded in 1565 by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in the northeast of what is now the state of Florida, was adorned with cockades with the colors of the Spanish flag and American flags to commemorate the day the Adams-Onis Treaty entered into force.
On virtue From that treaty, also known as the Treaty of Transcontinentality, the Spanish Crown ceded Florida to the then young United States of America in exchange for resolving the boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Spanish Texas. The most emotional act of those celebrated today in San Agustín was the recreation of the exchange of the Spanish flag for the American one that took place on July 10, 1821.
Spanish community in Florida
The ambassador in Washington, Santiago Cabanas, who headed the Spanish representation in San Agustín, told Efe that the main message that he wanted to convey with his presence is the importance of the 300 years of history shared between Spain and Florida and the “rich relationship bilateral ”that they currently maintain. Cabanas highlighted that more than 60,000 Spaniards reside in Florida and more than 600 companies, from small and medium to large, are based on the land discovered in 1513 by Juan Ponce de León.
Accompanied by the Spanish Consul General in Miami, Jaime Lacadena, Ambassador Cabanas attended the commemorative events together with the Mayor of San Agustín, Tracy Upchurch, and the Florida Secretary of State, Laurel Lee, representing Governor Ron DeSantis. The so-called Historical Militia of Florida (HMF), which regularly performs historical performances to highlight the rich history of St. Augustine and its Spanish heritage, was commissioned to recreate the events of July 10.
PAST AND PRESENT SPANISH
As Ambassador Cabanas said, in San Agustín the first government house, the first hospital, the first pharmacy, the first civil registry and other first characteristic elements of Western civilization converge in the territory of the United States. More than 120 actors and extras, also from other US states, performed in different historical places in the city.
In the Archaeological Park of the Fountain of Youth, the militia also organized for the general public a “historical camp” with educational programs, storytelling, culinary tastings and weapons demonstrations to show how life was in the Northwest of Florida 200 years ago. The president of the Historical Militia, Bob Álvarez, born in New Jersey and whose paternal family comes from Asturias (Spain), told Efe that it is a day of great importance for Florida and that is why they did not want to let it pass.
Little is known about Spanish aid
Álvarez lamented that the American population knows little of the Spanish roots in the United States and of facts such as the vital help that Spain provided in the fight for independence from the British Crown. In his opinion, it is due in large part to the fact that the country’s universities deliberately covered up the history of Spain in these lands, prior to the arrival of the so-called English pilgrims.
Ambassador Cabanas agreed that “the Spanish legacy in this country is not sufficiently well known.” He mentioned the fact that in the 17th century, slavery was prohibited in St. Augustine, unlike in the British colonies further north, and bilingual education was provided. Except for a period of British domination (1763-1783), Florida belonged from 1513 to July 10, 1821 to the Spanish Crown, as recalls its flag with the Cross of Burgundy or Cross of San Andrés, which was the national flag of the Empire Spanish.
The diversity statistic
Today, 22.5% of the population of Florida, which has about 21.5 million inhabitants, considers itself Hispanic and in cities like Mami they are almost 70% of the total. According to the Hispanic Council, the Adams-Onís treaty, also known as the Transcontinentality Treaty, defined the border between New Spain, a Spanish possession that included what is now Mexico, and the United States in 1819.
Luis de Onís, Spain’s plenipotentiary minister in Washington, attended the signing as a representative of Fernando VII, and Secretary of State John Quincy Adams did so for the United States. The negotiation began in 1819 and, although the treaty was signed that same year, it was not ratified until February 22, 1821 by both parties and in San Agustín it entered into force on July 10 of that year. EFE News
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