- Biden’s immigration reform is said to be advancing in the US Congress.
- Senators have found a way to grant citizenship to ‘dreamers’, immigrants with TPS, essential employees and farm workers.
- “It would be $ 120,000 million dollars for issues related to immigration,” revealed Senator Menéndez.
Biden’s immigration reform is said to be advancing in the US Congress and that is excellent news for millions of immigrants without a residence permit who hope that the way is cleared to legalize their situation in USA.
Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders and New Jersey Senator Bob Menendez confirmed that they have a path to pass the $ 3.5 trillion immigration reform, as agreed upon by Democratic senators. However, they also warned that this path could be limited.
They assure that immigration reform advances in Congress
Democrats continue to work to fulfill Biden’s demands on immigration. That is why they have sought the way to approve citizenship to ‘dreamers’, immigrants with Temporary Protected Status (TPS), essential employees and agricultural workers. According to the senators, they have already taken the first big step: including a spending line.
“It would be $ 120,000 million dollars for issues related to immigration,” Menéndez revealed to the MSNBC network. His words made it clear that the project had funds for citizenship processes, although he did not specify which of the groups it would benefit. “That would serve to legalize millions of people to pay their fees and it is something that could also have an economic impact,” said the senator.
Only some immigrants benefited
It is not clear whether the item would include “essential workers”. It would be difficult to pass an immigration reform that encompasses absolutely all immigrants, which has led senators to work on proposals that include only some groups. For example, if the process for beneficiaries of DACA, TPS and agricultural employees is approved, some five million undocumented people could regularize their situation.
The scope of the project should be well justified so that the ‘parliamentarian’ Elizabeth MacDonough, an expert in legislative rules and procedures of the Senate, gives the go-ahead to move forward, especially if they do not have Republican support. Based on this, Menéndez clarified that the process is in its initial stages.
Taking the First Big Step: Biden’s Immigration Reform Moving Forward
The senator of Cuban descent added that, for now, it is only a framework to start working, but it is important because “it opens the possibility of immigration reform of some degree” in the United States, EFE reported.
The goal, Menéndez said, is for those who can benefit “to come out of the shadows, come into the light, do the right thing with the government, have their criminal records checked and there is a path to legalization.”
Millions are “Ready to Stay”
Although it seems that the plans will end up covering less, a group of civil organizations hopes that it will be broader so that the almost 11 million undocumented people can make their way to citizenship. Thus, 18 organizations joined forces to launch the “Ready To Stay” campaign in 50 states of the country. The opinion.
“With Congress and the White House working toward citizenship and legalization measures on a large scale, this campaign is creating the infrastructure to help millions obtain protection and enroll in programs that will lead to eventual citizenship,” says the coalition that seeks to guide to immigrants.
Hoping they are more immigrants and not less
Activists hope that Democrats will be able to pass immigration reform in Congress using the Reconciliation process (the same one that was used to pass the third check), with which they would not need the endorsement of Republicans.
“The ‘Ready to Stay’ coalition has high expectations that Congress and the Biden Administration will finally achieve a path to citizenship for the 10.5 million undocumented immigrants who have lived and worked in this country, which is their home,” they added.
Biden’s immigration reform: the great opportunity for the undocumented?
Biden’s immigration reform: the great opportunity for the undocumented? For many undocumented immigrants, the approval of the immigration reform proposed by President Biden would represent their best chance to benefit and make their stay on US soil legal. The good news is that there is a “real chance” of this happening.
Kerri Talbot, Deputy Director of Immigration Hub, a pro-immigrant organization, commented that “there is a possibility that this can actually be done,” although there will be some setbacks along the way. In addition to activists, a significant group of Democratic lawmakers back immigration reform and are already working to move the bill forward. Among other things, applying strategies to avoid the obstructionist actions with which the Republicans have curbed their aspirations.
What do they need to do it?
The big question that hopeful immigrants ask themselves for a solution to their situation is What do they need to do it? Well, Democrats will have to overcome a couple of major hurdles to get immigration reform through.
What are the two obstacles to overcome? First, get the necessary support from legislators, and second, fully comply with the rules of parliament and legislative processes. We explain both situations to you.
FIRST: Get the necessary support for the undocumented
To pass immigration reform, Democrats require the support of all legislators in their party, even the most moderate. But the problem is that the bill could include a tax hike for the rich and other measures that are controversial.
Another of the points against is that legislative elections are approaching next year and none of the candidates expects to be pointed out, especially by Republicans, of having supported the opening of the borders. The stakes are high.
For now, opinions are in conflict. On the one hand, activists say that polls have been carried out, the results of which indicate that there is great support for the naturalization of foreigners and that immigration stimulates the economy, reported The Associated Press.
While the Republicans and the more conservative sectors assure that the large number of immigrants arriving at the border with Mexico represents a serious problem. In addition, based on the idea sown by former President Trump, many associate illegal immigration with crime.
SECOND: Comply with the rules of parliament
The second obstacle for Democrats will be to find a legal path that complies with legislative procedures. Elizabeth MacDonough, the Senate “parliamentarian” (expert on legislative rules and procedures), is in charge of deciding whether the language of a bill meets the rules. She is the one who must convince with their strategies.
Already MacDonough, the respected 55-year-old impartial referee, has ruled against the Democrats when they wanted to include a minimum wage increase in the coronavirus financial aid package. The project followed a favorable course when this item was removed from the list.
The next step in achieving reform
The next step to achieve reform will be the approval of a budget resolution in Congress. Bernie Sanders, chairman of the Senate budget committee, is seeking support for the bill that he hopes to unveil soon.
Why is the budget so important? Because of the language, which will be key to avoiding obstructionism from Republicans, and because it will set spending and income limits for the upcoming spending bill and will allocate funds to each legislative committee.
Who gains from immigration reform?
According to a draft of the project presented by Sanders, immigrants without authorization to be in the country would first benefit from residency and then they could opt for citizenship. This project also includes “dreamers”, those who have escaped violence or natural disasters in their countries, essential workers and farm workers.
However, they would be reevaluating the beneficiaries. It was expected to benefit 11 million immigrants, but the Center for American Progress estimates that it will be only about 6 million. “We are strategically considering the groups that would best fit into the budget project so that the proposal survives the scrutiny of the ‘parliamentarian’,” lamented Representative Raúl Ruiz. They ensure that Biden’s immigration reform advances in Congress.
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